Treaty of Versailles
These cartoons relate to the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty was signed in 1919 to conclude the First World War. The key players were Britain (David Lloyd George), France (Georges Clemenceau) and the USA (Woodrow Wilson). These three nations were known as the Big Three. Italy (Orlando) is sometimes included in a "Big Four", although Italy had changed allegiance in the war largely to ensure her presence on the winning side in any profitable post-war negotiations. The Treaty was particularly harsh on Germany; forcing her to accept total guilt for the outbreak of war, imposing impossibly high reparations and redefining Germany's territorial limits. Historians traditionally considered that the treaty was excessively vindictive and short-sighted, although many have now come to acknowledge that, whilst it was harsh, it was probably the fairest settlement that could have been concluded under the circumstances.
This topic is part of the core content for GCSE Modern World History.
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